By Rogier Noldus
Use CAMEL to move the clever community suggestion to the cellular world!CAMEL (Customized software for the cellular community more desirable common sense) is a customary for clever Networks for cellular communications networks. it's at the moment deployed in all areas of the realm, permitting cellular community operators to supply speedy and effective prone to their subscribers.This publication is an in-depth and devoted reference on CAMEL, taking the reader throughout the heritage and improvement of clever Networks and the basic rules of CAMEL, to the way forward for the technology. the writer offers assistance at the quite a few criteria and requisites, and explains not just how CAMEL works but in addition why it really works this way. sensible tricks at the set up of CAMEL within the community are given during the book. CAMEL: clever Networks for the GSM, GPRS and UMTS Network:Offers a accomplished consultant to imposing CAMEL.Gives an entire photograph, together with the community entities & info flows involved.Describes and explains the 4 CAMEL levels and their aspects.Presents an outline of the rules of clever Networks, similar to Finite nation Machines, set off Detection issues, occasion Detection issues and discussion, necessary to figuring out CAMEL.Covers charging and accounting concerns, and the influence of CAMEL at the charging procedure within the cellular network.Provides sensible tricks over and above these pointed out within the formal specifications.This textual content may be a useful source for clever community carrier good judgment designers, carrier community designers, community engineers, and GSM/UMTS community designers and implementers. complicated scholars on classes equivalent to ‘Intelligent Networks’, ‘Value extra Services’, and ‘Service Networks’ also will locate it a good advisor to the subject.
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Extra resources for CAMEL: Intelligent Networks for the GSM, GPRS and UMTS Network
The SCP is located in the service layer. The service layer may contain a multitude of nodes, but for IN the SCP is the main entity through which control over the call may be asserted. 1 History of Intelligent Networks Development of IN in the form that it is currently known started in the mid-1980s. One of the first IN standards was Bellcore’s1 advanced IN (AIN). AIN was developed as an IN standard for landline digital networks. A later IN standard was the wireless IN (WIN), which targets the mobile networks, amongst which is the personal communication system (PCS).
The SSF will in that case not wait for instructions from the SCP, but will return the call control immediately to the MSC. As a result the call processing is not halted. The SCP has not gained control over the call; the SCP was merely notified about the occurrence of the call event. The use of TDP-N is not very common for IN. CAMEL defines TDP-R, but not TDP-N. • Event detection point – request (EDP-R): When an IN service is invoked, it may arm DPs within the BCSM as an event detection point (EDP).
This helps designers and implementers identify the specific document that is needed for the CAMEL specification in a specific GSM or 3G release. 4 lists the document version number per GSM or 3GPP release. z) is increased. z part of the version number is normally stepped. 078) specifies the syntax of CAP. There is often confusion about the priority of these specifications where it comes to optionality of information elements that may be carried in CAMEL operations. The rule is as follows: • stage 2 defines semantics for the information flows (IF) and information elements (IE) that may be sent between gsmSSF and gsmSCF; • stage 3 defines the syntax of conveying these IEs, encoded as operation parameters, through the CAP protocol.