By Terry McGee, George C.S. Lin, Mark Wang, Andrew Marton, Jiaping Wu
China’s city progress is remarkable within the background of world urbanization, and may unquestionably create large demanding situations to China because it modernizes its society. Adopting an interdisciplinary technique, this ebook offers an outline of the novel transformation of China’s city area because the Seventies, arguing that to review the chinese language urbanization procedure one needs to realize the special political economic system of China. After a protracted interval as a deliberate socialist economic climate, China’s swift access into the worldwide economic system has raised feedback that modernization in China will unavoidably lead to city styles and contours like these of towns in constructed marketplace economies. This ebook argues that this can be not going within the brief time period, simply because techniques of city transition in China has to be interpreted in the course of the lens of a special and remarkable juxtaposition of socialism and the industry financial system, that is resulting in distinct styles of chinese language urbanization. Richly illustrated with maps, diagrams and in-depth case reviews, this booklet might be a useful source to scholars and students of city economics and coverage, geography, and the advance of China.
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Additional resources for China's Urban Space: Development Under Market Socialism (Routledge Studies on China in Transition)
Thus in the period since 1980 the number of counties, and other administrative units at lower levels that have become urban, have increased massively (see Chapter 4). This also occurred in the case of larger municipalities such as Shanghai that took over adjacent counties, illustrated in Chapter 7. This gave the reclassified units the power not only to have greater control of their finances but also to make land conversions of a certain size without having to refer to higher administrative units for approval.
E. the Ministry of Finance of the State Council) and 70 percent could be retained by local governments of various levels. 43 Land leasing has therefore become a main source of local revenue generation and naturally capital formation for urban development. 44 When a municipal government has exhausted its existing land stock and run into the difficulty of negotiation with its surrounding counties for the expropriation of rural land, a common approach adopted is to incorporate or annex the rural counties into its urban administration so that its land will be firmly under the control of the municipality.
The third phase of city-centered urbanization has led to the growing importance of the larger cities in which “bureaucratic entrepreneurs” and private entrepreneurs are transforming the built-environment of these cities through large infrastructure projects and project developments that are aimed to position their cities competitively within the rapidly transforming spatial economy of China and the global system. This has not meant that “rural urbanization” has ceased but that “city building” (zao cheng) has become a major feature of the processes of urbanization in the coastal zones.