Conceptual Representation: A Special Issue of Language And by James A. Hampton, Helen Moss

By James A. Hampton, Helen Moss

Techniques lie on the center of our psychological lifestyles, assisting a myriad of cognitive features - together with considering and reasoning, item reputation, reminiscence, and language comprehension and construction. the character of suggestions and their illustration within the brain and mind has been studied from many various views and so offers necessary possibilities for integrative, interdisciplinary discussions. This specified factor on conceptual illustration includes invited papers from best researchers around the diversity of cognitive technological know-how disciplines, addressing the character of semantic and conceptual illustration within the brain and mind. Contributions contain either empirical studies and theoretical studies, from the fields of cognitive and developmental psychology, neuropsychology, philosophy and linguistics.

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Once the agent has simulated standing on something to reach the bulb, the environment is searched for possible instantiations of the schematic region. , the stool, chair, and table). Once this mapping from the schematic role to the environment has been established, it creates an ad hoc category, namely, THINGS THAT COULD BE STOOD ON TO CHANGE THE LIGHTBULB. 548 BARSALOU Broadly speaking, the account just provided could underlie ad hoc and goalderived categories in general. By and large, these categories can be viewed as mapping a space-time region in a simulated action sequence to a set of possible instantiations in the environment.

To represent specific settings in one’s environment, it is useful to have knowledge about the particular kinds of things encountered in them. As one enters a new office, for example, knowledge of CHAIRS and TABLES is retrieved to recognise and interact with new category members, and to establish representations of them in knowledge for the specific setting. In a sense, common taxonomies are like palettes in object-oriented drawing programs: They provide a tool for creating tokens of known categories in the representation of new settings.

When affordances produce the critical function, comprehension occurs. Most importantly, it is difficult and cumbersome for amodal representation languages to compute these affordances. The fact that they arise so naturally in simulations further supports the presence of simulations in comprehension. Finally, Pecher, Zeelenberg, and Barsalou (2003) have shown modalityswitching effects in conceptual processing. , Spence, Nicholls, & Driver, 2000). For example, verifying the presence of a light flash is faster when the previous signal was a light flash than when it was an auditory tone.

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