By Thanos P Dokos
As counter-profileration is predicted to develop into the important aspect within the new nationwide safeguard coverage of the U.S., such activities will represent a valuable part of each significant overseas clash within the first a long time of the 21st century. some of the most vital geostrategic phenomena of the previous decade has been the extreme diffusion of war-making functions from the built North to the constructing South. within the eyes of a few proliferant states, owning nuclear, organic and chemical (NBC) guns wouldn't basically upload to their neighborhood stature, yet might additionally supply an asymmetrical counter to the West’s great superiority in traditional forces.
In the jap Mediterranean and the center East, a few international locations are assumed to own various degrees of NBC-weapons services. purposes for drawback comprise the truth that such guns were utilized in the earlier; the region’s geographic proximity to Europe and the important pursuits of the West (which is ready, less than yes conditions, to exploit strength to guard them); the multiplicity of conflicts and different safety difficulties; and the overall instability within the sector (including the unfold of non secular extremism).
This very important and well timed e-book assesses, intimately, the accuracy of predictions, and perceptions, a couple of attainable army risk from the Southern Mediterranean (Muslim) global; and their effect on NATO’s political and armed forces posture. Thanos P. Doxos offers an overview of the Alliance’s recommendations for facing the matter. This publication represents a useful, topical source for researchers and coverage makers.
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Extra resources for Countering the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: NATO and EU Options in the Mediterranean and the Middle East
In connection to testing, the persistent conduct by the US of sub-critical tests of nuclear explosive devices, an activity focused on maintaining, not eliminating, nuclear stockpiles, is a source of concern. Efforts to establish a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty in the Conference on Disarmament (CD) are deadlocked. Furthermore, not all NWS have signed and ratified the protocols attached to the South-east Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone (NWFZ) and the African NWFZ and there were no developments regarding the Middle Eastern NWFZ.
In most cases it seems unlikely that these conditions would be met by new nuclear-weapon states. According to Salomon, strategic stability can be defined as the existence of invulnerable strategic forces such that neither side could destroy the other’s ability to retaliate with a devastating blow, if attacked with nuclear weapons. Thus, strategic stability is closely connected with the survivability of forces designated for retaliation. Every potential NWS (with the possible exception of Israel) would lack secure second-strike forces for many years.
The non-proliferation consensus must hold, and hopefully be strengthened, even without spectacular progress in the direction of nuclear disarmament. Whether the various parties to the NPT realize this and are willing to contribute to this objective is less clear. qxd 28/09/2007 26 5:56 PM Page 26 Developments in arms control One could envisage a nuclear reduction agenda that would include the following items (with a strong non-proliferation regime as the bedrock): ratifying the CTBT44 and successfully negotiating a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty; accelerating the implementation of START II and the 2002 Moscow Treaty; ratifying all protocols related to NWFZs; engaging other NWS in arms control negotiations; freezing their arsenals as an interim measure; de-alerting nuclear weapons; enhancing transparency and promoting irreversibility;45 addressing rationales for possession of nuclear weapons and theories of deterrence; and, eventually, addressing delivery vehicles.