By Dante Cicchetti, Donald J. Cohen
Developmental Psychopathology, quantity three, probability, ailment, and edition offers a lifestyles span developmental viewpoint on "high-risk" stipulations and psychological issues. furthermore, it examines developmental pathways to resilient variation within the face of adversity.
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Because social support is not the same thing as network size, it is noteworthy that in some cases, access to only one or a few confidants is sufficient to significantly aid coping under stress (Cohen & Wills, 1985; Gottlieb, 1985). , 1986), the absence of a confiding relationship has been found to significantly distinguish whether individuals under stress developed affective problems or not. For adults, supportive intimacy can be found with a romantic partner or spouse; in the study by Pelligrini and colleagues, it was the absence of a best friend that predicted risk for affective disorders in middle childhood.
Stress can cause individuals to feel overwhelmed by life difficulties and to lack the time, energy, or hope to seek support from others. This can be especially true when families at risk live in dangerous neighborhoods that undermine access to neighbors, extended family members, and formal help providers (Eckenrode, 1983; Eckenrode & Wethington, 1990). Because social support is not passively received, these recipient characteristics can pose formidable barriers to interventions based on supportive social relationships.
Despite its ubiquitous contribution to therapeutic endeavors, incorporating social support in prevention and intervention strategies presents significant challenges. The forms of social support that are most helpful to individuals experiencing psychological distress are not self-evident, and, as we have seen, not all social support efforts are effective in achieving therapeutic or preventive goals. These are crucial considerations because of the many ways that well-intentioned supportive efforts can be rendered ineffective in changing destructive behaviors, fostering psychological well-being, or accomplishing therapeutic goals.