By Susan Oyama
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This was once no longer what it was once portrayed to be on the net. .. it's a meta-analysis that's edited. it isn't what i wished and it used to be very dear.
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Additional resources for Evolution's Eye: A Systems View of the Biology-Culture Divide
The concepts of trait transmission and developmental duality are linked by a way of thinking about the role of genes and environment in ontogeny that ensures that we will continue to ﬁnd ways to carve up the living world into innate and acquired portions, no matter how vociferously we declare the distinction to be obsolete. This in turn ensures not only a degree of conceptual incoherence in our science, but also continued diﬃculty in synthesizing our knowledge of development with our understanding of evolution.
Because nature is phenotypic, it depends on developmental context as profoundly and intimately as it does on the genome. To identify nature with that genome, then, is to miss the full developmental story in much the same way that preformationist explanations have always done. . Evolution is thus the derivational history of developmental systems. George Lakoﬀ and Mark Johnson (), a linguist and a philosopher, present an ‘‘experientialist’’ alternative to what they call ‘‘objectivist’’ and ‘‘subjectivist’’ theories of knowledge.
This time they have been given diﬀerent instructions: One partner is to discern the object’s shape, and the other must determine whether or not it is moving. Imagine also that they must use an ambiguous vocabulary. ’’ One person reports that the object is round, and the other concludes that it is mobile. I am suggesting, in this crude way, that their plight resembles that of scientists who must work with ambiguous terms such as inherited, genetic, biological, and maturational. The ambiguity of these terms permits the blurring of Tinbergen’s whys.