Hardaway Revisited: Early Archaic Settlement in the by I. Randolph Daniel

By I. Randolph Daniel

This provocative reanalysis of 1 of the main well-known Early Archaic archaeological websites within the southeastern usa presents a brand new version for realizing prehistoric payment styles.

Since the early Seventies, southeastern archaeologists have targeted their realization on deciding on the functionality of prehistoric websites and settlement
practices throughout the Early Archaic interval (ca. 9,000-10,500 B.P.). The Hardaway web site within the North Carolina Piedmont, essentially the most important
archaeological websites in jap North the US, has no longer but figured particularly during this examine. Daniel's reanalysis of the Hardaway artifacts
offers a extensive variety of evidence—including stone instrument morphology, intrasite distributions of artifacts, and local distributions of stone
uncooked fabric types—that means that Hardaway performed a special position in Early Archaic settlement.

The Hardaway web site functioned as a base camp the place searching and accumulating teams lived for prolonged sessions. From this camp they exploited close by stone outcrops within the Uwharrie Mountains to fill up expended toolkits. in accordance with the result of this research, Daniel's new version proposes that payment used to be conditioned much less by means of the supply of meals assets than through the constrained distribution of fine quality knappable stone within the quarter. those effects problem the usual view of Early Archaic cost that staff move was once mostly restricted by means of the supply of meals assets inside significant southeastern river valleys.


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Additional resources for Hardaway Revisited: Early Archaic Settlement in the Southeast

Sample text

Additional ¤eld notes were recorded on standardized daily reports, pro¤le elevations, and feature forms. In addition, the ¤eld supervisor wrote weekly summary reports. The excavations began in the summer of 1975 and, with the exception of the summer of 1978, continued for each summer thereafter until 1980 (Ward, ¤eld notes, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1980). Trawick Ward was the ¤eld supervisor for each ¤eld season. Field crew personnel varied each summer but consisted of four to ¤ve people, including Ted Bradstreet, Ralph Bunn, Dan Clement, Neil Davis, Gary Glover, Mike Johnson, David Moore, Bill Oliver, Sam Pratt, Dan Simpkins, Lee Tippit, Kit Wesler, and Jack Wilson.

This portion of my research was a joint effort with J. Robert Butler of the Department of Geology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The work has been reported elsewhere (Daniel and Butler 1991, 1996) but is summarized in Chapter 3 and provides an important baseline for future researchers interested in the identi¤cation of metavolcanic stone types recovered in archaeological sites in the Carolinas. This book presents the results of my analysis and interpretations. Chapter 2 describes the history of excavations at Hardaway and discusses the stratigraphy and the sample of units analyzed in this study.

Perhaps the hilltop formed in this way, or maybe it was created by a major erosional episode. In any event, it began to “¤ll in” sometime between 9,500 and 10,500 years ago. Evidence of ¤lling includes the presence of Hardaway and Palmer deposits that were eventually modi¤ed into B-horizon soils. A much different depositional event took place later and caused a massive accumulation of stone debris. Sometime after the Middle to Late Archaic, the deposition stabilized, resulting more or less in the modern landform.

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