By Ronald Bruce St John
The Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, regularly often called Libya, rests on the intersection of 3 worlds--Arab, African, and Mediterranean. Early African alternate routes passing via Libya associated vital Africa with the North African Coast and the cultures of the Mediterranean sea. Libya's present-day strategic situation, mixed with its wide oil reserves and progressive management, have saved this moderately populated kingdom on the leading edge of nightly information for almost 3 a long time. a lot is mentioned but little is known, and Libya is still an enigma in global affairs. Its inner and exterior guidelines usually galvanize wide-ranging sentiment, from compliment to anger to worry to outright scorn. The 3rd variation of the "Historical Dictionary of Libya" offers a far wanted replace at the outdated traditions and new advancements of contemporary Libya. The booklet covers the early classes of Libyan historical past, including historical past on lots of its present inner struggles and lots more and plenty of the impetus of its smooth political positions. the uk of Libya was once the 1st North African sector to accomplish statehood (in 1951) and emerge from below the auspices of the United international locations. In 1969, the innovative Command Council seized strength from the monarchy and redirected the guidelines of the previous regime. This publication offers a useful body of connection with examine the regulations of the 2 extensively assorted governments of 20th-century, self sufficient Libya. different major adjustments have happened with this version. New entries were additional, quite in regards to the social and economy of Libya after 1991. also, outdoors impacts on Libyan background were clarified. the most important entries similar to the U.S., Qaddafi, Chemical guns, September Revolution, and innovative Committees, were thoroughly rewritten to offer the main exact, up to date info to be had. The bibliography has been extended significantly to include new fabric released lately. a number of appendixes were further to the 3rd variation of the " Dictionary" to supply easy accessibility to history info and exact, targeted reviews of Libya. ultimately a chain of maps, additionally newly further with this version, supply visible connection with the territorial disputes during which Libya has been embroiled in this century. lots of Libya is shrouded in incorrect information and secret. This 3rd variation of the "Historical Dictionary of Libya" is going farther than ever to supply a concise, convenient resource of actual info on one of many sleek world's so much enigmatic states. reports of the former version: "A significant contribution of this paintings is the great and intensely good prepared bibliography...a important paintings for either the expert and the amateur." --MESA BULLETIN "...important...As a really uncomplicated advent, define, and prepared reference instrument for contemporary Libya, this version is extremely recommended." --CHOICE "...a remarkably obtainable meeting of invaluable information...a strong buy." --LIBYAN reports
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Through the treaty, Morocco obtains an end to Libyan aid to the Polisario and Libya an end to Moroccan support for French forces in Chad. (18 September) France and Libya announce a mutual phased withdrawal of their troops from Chad. ) France and Libya later announce the completion of the mutual withdrawal of troops from Chad in mid-November 1984. Evidence Page xxxiii soon surfaces to suggest Libyan troops remain in northern Chad. (30 November) Malta and Libya sign a five-year treaty for security and military cooperation that calls for Libya to defend Malta if the Mediterranean island nation requests assistance.
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Land and People The Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, still widely known as Libya, is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Egypt, on the west by Tunisia and Algeria, and on the south by Niger, Chad, and the Sudan. With an area of 1,775,000 square kilometers (685,000 square miles), it ranks fourth in geographical size among the countries of Africa and 15th among the countries of the world. While Libya is two and one-half times the size of the state of Texas, less than 2 percent of the country receives enough rainfall for settled agriculture, with the heaviest precipitation occurring in the Jabal al-Akhdar region of Cyrenaica.