Human Development: An Introduction to the Psychodynamics of by Eric Rayner

By Eric Rayner

A new version of a vintage text

This re-creation of Human Development has been completely revised and up-to-date to include contemporary advancements within the box. New fabric is brought at the improvement of a feeling of self, the social self and ethical development.

Beginning with a dialogue of delivery and adolescence, the reader is lead via all of the an important phases in human improvement. The authors display the complex interaction among actual, emotional and mental elements that give a contribution to the person styles of improvement that make every one people precise. the entire significant milestones of existence are lined, together with youth, paintings, parenthood and previous age. applying psychoanalytic theories of improvement, this publication finds the richness that those principles convey to recognized daily phenomena.

This hugely obtainable and jargon-free advent to human improvement combines medical objectivity with a delicate and sympathetic method of the topic. it's going to end up valuable to an individual considering the supporting professions.

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Additional info for Human Development: An Introduction to the Psychodynamics of Growth, Maturity and Ageing

Example text

Every time Jane put her down, for example in her cradle or on a rug on the floor, Jilly would cry inconsolably. Jane got very upset. She was a first-time mother, a long way from her home and family of origin. She and her husband had moved to the city in search of work and better opportunities. Jane’s father had died suddenly just before Jilly was due and she was born nearly a month late. At her 6-week check-up with her GP Jane burst into tears and described her worries about not being able to console her baby.

Hearing: by the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy the fetus responds in the womb to sounds from outside. Hearing is already functioning and so, when born, babies are able to recognize their mother’s voice. A newborn prefers a woman’s voice over a man’s and it takes a bit of time for the father’s voice to be preferred over that of another male (De Casper, quoted in Klaus, Kennel & Klaus, 1995). Experiments involving mothers reading Dr Seuss books whilst in the latter stages of pregnancy and then post-natally have also shown that babies remember what they have heard in the womb.

What greatly enhances this process is the particular state of mind that Winnicott called ‘primary maternal preoccupation’ (Winnicott, 1956). This has nothing to do with a mother’s intelligence but a heightened sensitivity that gathers in the last weeks of pregnancy and lasts in its acute form into the first months after the baby’s birth. It relies on the mother’s capacity to identify with her baby and enables her to adapt to the baby’s absolute dependency in the first weeks and months of life. ‘Primary maternal preoccupation’ is a central characteristic of the ordinary devoted mother and provides the basis for her imaginative elaboration in her mind, of the experience of her baby being cared for.

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