Information Systems for Emergency Management (Advances in by Bartel Van De Walle, Murray Turoff, Starr Roxanne Hiltz

By Bartel Van De Walle, Murray Turoff, Starr Roxanne Hiltz

This e-book presents the most up-tp-date and finished assessment to be had this present day of the serious function of data platforms in emergency reaction and preparedness. It contains contributions from major students, practitioners, and researchers, and covers all levels of catastrophe administration - mitigation, preparedness, reaction, and restoration. 'Foundational' chapters supply a layout framework and assessment moral concerns. 'Context' chapters describe the features of people and companies within which EMIS are designed and studied. 'Case learn' chapters comprise structures for allotted microbiology laboratory diagnostics to discover attainable epidemics or bioterrorism, humanitarian MIS, and reaction coordination structures. 'Systems layout and know-how' chapters conceal simulation, geocollaborative platforms, worldwide catastrophe impression research, and environmental threat research. during the ebook, the editors and individuals supply distinct emphasis to the significance of assessing the sensible usefulness of recent details platforms for aiding emergency preparedness and reaction, instead of drawing conclusions from a theoretical realizing of the capability advantages of latest applied sciences.

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It should be noted that most of the studies underlying the literature reviewed were conducted in North America. They, and consequently the present work, reflect American disaster management culture and practices, and should not be assumed to generalize to other cultures without question. In particular, American disaster management has evolved a complex intergovernmental system in which different levels of government (federal, state, tribal, local) have different responsibilities, authorities, resources, and capabilities.

9/11 terrorist attack) Source: Gundel (2005). and influenceability. An event is predictable if it is within the realm of imagination of the times and its occurrence is perceived as sufficiently likely as to be believable. So, for instance, the events of the 9/11 terrorist attack were not predictable because, to pre–9/11 social consciousness, using commercial airliners as bombs was both unimaginable and beyond credibility (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks, 2004). An event is influenceable if means of reducing damage are known and can realistically be implemented given the resources and sociopolitical environment of the time and place.

Restoring normalcy versus redefining normality). , a response undertaken in the midst of a civil war). The previous discussion of measures of scale was largely based on literature reflecting consensus events. There is evidence that responses to conflict events exhibit significant differences, particularly surrounding individual and organizational behaviors (Quarantelli, 1993). It appears, for instance, that organizational emergence is less commonplace, and established organizations assume much greater responsibility for response efforts.

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