Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad by Devin R. Springer

By Devin R. Springer

Jihadist ideology evokes a various and decentralized selection of radical teams to struggle alleged enemies of Islam and to try to revive - a holy caliphate to unite Muslim peoples around the center East, Africa, and Asia. "Islamic Radicalism and worldwide Jihad" presents exact insights into the philosophical foundations, strategic imaginative and prescient, organizational dynamics, and strategies of the fashionable jihadist circulate - with particular recognition to its basic motive force, Al-Qa'ida.Springer, Regens, and Edger draw seriously on Arabic language assets seldom obvious within the West to provide an explanation for what jihadists wish and the way radical thinkers have distorted the lessons of Islam to persuade fans to pursue terrorism as a non secular accountability. With subtle and systematic research, the authors lead their readers on a desirable highbrow trip throughout the differing principles, ambitions, and vulnerabilities of the jihadist flow because it has developed over the years. The authors additionally impart knowledge from their very own specialist event with terrorism, counterinsurgency, and intelligence to supply students, scholars, counterterrorism pros, and normal readers with this available assessment of key radical Islamic thinkers and present day jihadists.

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Membership increased from approximately seventy thousand at the time of al-Banna’s execution to hundreds of thousands only a decade later. In the intervening years, the Brotherhood has inspired groups all over the world to take up the same cause, under the aegis (to varying degrees) of the Muslim Brotherhood. The Brotherhood has been particularly successful in appealing to students and is a presence on nearly every university campus in the Islamic world. Abu-al-A’la Mawdudi At the same time of al-Banna’s mobilization of the Muslim Brotherhood, Abu-al-A’la Mawdudi, a journalist, began to write about the need to cleanse Muslim society of Western influence and corrupt, heretical traditions.

The works of Ibn-Taymiyyah are often overlooked by Western analysts, but his comments on jihad have influenced generations and given sanction to those groups that seek to use violence to achieve their goals. Muhammad Ibn-Abd-al-Wahhab As the father of arguably the most puritanical sect of Islam, Muhammad Ibn-Abd-al-Wahhab (1703–91) was greatly influenced by Ibn-Taymiyyah. Commonly referred to as Wahhabis, and also as Salafis (from the 30 CHAPTER 1 Arabic word Salaf, meaning ancestors and referring to Muhammad’s companions), followers of al-Wahhab’s teachings perceive themselves as practicing the purest form of Islam.

20 Saudi Arabia During the 1970s and 1980s, the conservative Sunni monarchy in Saudi Arabia experienced the effects of a burgeoning influx of oil wealth and rapid population growth. The Saudi regime funded expanded social programs and spent lavishly on fundamentalist educational programs that stressed a strict Wahhabist interpretation of Islam. Saudis relied on foreigners to perform numerous jobs, while high birth and low infant mortality rates produced a large and growing population. This in turn created a generation of Saudi males, grounded in fundamentalism, who entered adulthood during the 1980s; many of these young men participated as mujahidin in the Soviet-Afghan war, inspired by an intensely puritanical view of how society should be structured.

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