By Avner Giladi
This booklet reconstructs the function of midwives in medieval to early smooth Islamic background via a cautious analyzing of quite a lot of classical and medieval Arabic resources. the writer casts the midwife's social prestige in premodern Islam as a privileged place from which she may perhaps mediate among male authority in patriarchal society and feminine reproductive energy in the family members. This examine additionally takes a broader historic view of midwifery within the heart East by way of interpreting the tensions among discovered drugs (male) and renowned, medico-religious practices (female) from early Islam into the Ottoman interval and addressing the disagreement among conventional midwifery and Western obstetrics within the first 1/2 the 19th century.
Read or Download Muslim Midwives: The Craft of Birthing in the Premodern Middle East PDF
Similar science & medicine books
The Orang Suku Laut think of themselves indigenous Malays. but their interplay with others who name themselves Malays is characterized on each side via worry of destructive magic and witchcraft. The nomadic Orang Suku Laut think that the Qur'an comprises components of black magic, whereas the settled Malays reflect on the nomads risky, soiled and backward.
English and the neighborhood features at the foundation of various ethnic associations that function within the immigrant's personal mom tongue. those contain neighborhood shops and markets, church buildings, golf equipment, welfare corporations and different agencies that serve the desires of the neighborhood inhabitants. usually employment possibilities in occupa tions the place English is mindless also are on hand to women and men within the neighbourhood.
This booklet reconstructs the function of midwives in medieval to early sleek Islamic background via a cautious interpreting of a variety of classical and medieval Arabic assets. the writer casts the midwife's social prestige in premodern Islam as a privileged place from which she may well mediate among male authority in patriarchal society and feminine reproductive strength in the relatives.
Ukraine’s ‘Orange Revolution’ and its aftermath uncovered a number of the deep political, social, and cultural rifts operating during the former Soviet republic. This publication explores the intersection of those divisions in Odessa, a Black Sea port in Ukraine that was the Russian Empire’s southern window to Europe.
Additional info for Muslim Midwives: The Craft of Birthing in the Premodern Middle East
II, 45; Farah, Marriage and Sexuality in Islam, 76. On S ̣ūfī attitudes to celibacy see Annemarie Schimmel, Mystical Dimensions of Islam (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1975), 36, 111, 252, 428. Āmāl Qarāmī, al-Ikhtilāf fī al-thaqāfa al-‘arabiyya al-islāmiyya (Benghazi: Dār al-Madār al-Islāmī, 2007), 47–55. Al-Ghazālī, Iḥyā’, vol. II, 66. Islamic views on birth and motherhood 37 that have been given unto him, whether he shall preserve it in humiliation, or trample it into the dust.
The child borne to her master by a slave is free from the moment of birth. See J. Schacht, “Umm al-Walad,” EI2, vol. X, 857–9. A saying attributed to the Prophet Muh ̣ammad reduces women’s roles to four: bearing children, giving birth, breast-feeding and treating their (husbands’) children mercifully: Ḥāmilāt, wālidāt, murd ̣i‛āt, raḥīmāt bi-awlādihinna. Al-Makkī, Qūt alqulūb, vol. II, 515. 95 96 Trans. Arberry. Trans. Arberry. Trans. Arberry. On the economic duties children have with regard to their parents see, for instance, Qurʾān 2:180; 4:11.
Al-Iskandarī, Masā’il, 120–4. v. ). Muh ̣ammad b. Muh ̣ammad al-Manbijī, who lived in northern Syria in the fourteenth century, dedicates a special chapter in his consolation treatise to “those who lost a nursing child,” where he quotes consoling h ̣adīth reports assuring parents that the 32 Femininity, wifehood, motherhood A more heroic model for mothers is offered by Umm Sulaym, Rumaysā’̣ bint Milh ̣ān (d. ca. 650), one of the Prophet’s (female) companions. It is told that when her young son died, she deliberately waited to break the news to her husband, Abū Ṭalh ̣a, until she had conceived anew by him the following night.