By Pierre Larrivée, Chungmin Lee
This quantity deals insights on experimental and empirical examine in theoretical linguistic problems with negation and polarity, focusing onhow negation is marked and the way detrimental polarity is emphatic and the way it interacts with double negation. Metalinguistic negation and neg-raising also are explored within the quantity. top experts within the box current novel rules through utilizing a variety of experimental equipment in felicity judgments, eye monitoring, self-paced readings, prosody and ERP. specific realization is given to vast crosslinguistc facts from French, Catalan and Korean besides analyses utilizing semantic and pragmatic tools, corpus linguistics, diachronic views and longitudinal acquisitional reports in addition to signed and gestural negation. each one contribution is located near to significant prior reports, thereby supplying readers insights at the present state-of-the-art in study on negation and unfavourable polarity, highlighting how concept and information jointly contributes to the knowledge of cognition and mind.
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Additional resources for Negation and Polarity: Experimental Perspectives
For cleft negatives, a target bias was formed 600 ms post verb, well before the onset of the noun. 6 Conclusions Negative sentences are reported to be more difficult to process than positives, and their positive arguments are often represented in the early stage of processing. We propose the dynamic pragmatic account of negation processing: Negation is a cue for retrieving a prominent QUD. Without contextual support or further cues, the most prominent QUD for a negative sentence ¬p is the positive question whether p.
Alive/dead, even/odd). Current contextual approaches explain the difficulty of negation in terms of its requirement for specific context. While this line of thought seems plausible, as well as being empirically supported, it raises a number of important questions that are yet to be answered. First, negation is not alone in requiring special contextual conditions for its appropriate use. It is widely agreed that virtually every utterance contains elements that require some kind of contextual completion for its full interpretation—for instance, anaphoric or pronominal elements, tense, quantifiers and so forth.
First we represent the positive counterpart, and then this representation is rejected and replaced with one consistent with the sentence meaning if possible. For example, to process the sentence “The door is not open”, we first represent an open door, and then we reject this representation and replace it with a closed door. The meaning of negation is captured by the deviation of the two representations. Rejection accounts can explain both the extra cost of negation, and why the positive counterpart is represented.