Orthography, Phonology, Morphology, and Meaning by Ram Frost, Marian Katz

By Ram Frost, Marian Katz

The world of analysis on published notice acceptance has been probably the most energetic within the box of experimental psychology for good over a decade. even if, even though the lively study attempt and even though there are various issues of consensus, significant controversies nonetheless exist.This quantity is very keen on the putative courting among language and studying. It explores the methods wherein orthography, phonology, morphology and which means are interrelated within the studying method. integrated are theoretical discussions in addition to reports of experimental proof by way of best researchers within the region of experimental interpreting experiences. The ebook takes as its fundamental factor the query of the measure to which uncomplicated methods in examining replicate the structural features of language equivalent to phonology and morphology. It discusses how these features can form a language's orthography and impact the method of studying from be aware popularity to comprehension.Contributed by way of experts, the broad-ranging mixture of articles and papers not just provides an image of present thought and information yet a view of the instructions within which this study zone is vigorously relocating.

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Additional resources for Orthography, Phonology, Morphology, and Meaning

Sample text

Hebrew. From the Hebrew root k-t-b are derived katab, ‘he wrote’: yikkat&b, ‘he will be inscribed’; katob ‘to write’; katub, ‘written’: miktab, ‘letter; and many other forms. , n-f-r, ‘good’; n-f-r, ‘lute’ (Jensen, 1970). It is not difficult to imagine an Egyptian noticing that many sets of semantically similar words in his language had a common consonantal ground and a varying vocalic figure, though at first he may not have individuated the consonants. Accordingly, signs for root morphemes were devised.

When the words were phonologically ambiguous, the effects of lagging the vowel marks on RTs were twice as large as the effects found for unambiguous words, where only one 36 Frost and Bentin pronunciation was meaningful. These results suggest that subjects adopted two parallel strategies for generating the phonology of the unambiguous printed words: on the one hand they used explicit vowel information using prelexical transformation rules (hence the greater effect of SOA on naming relative to lexical decisions latencies), on the other hand they generated the phonologic structure of the unambiguous words postlexically as well (hence the smaller effects of SOA on naming unambiguous words relative to ambiguous words).

The letter “3” can be read either as [v] or [b] which are distinguished by a dot that appears within the letter, but only in pointed print. The triconsonantal root “lJ7” can, thus, be read as fdvrl or /dbr/ and forms 3 clusters of words: Three words inflected from the root /dbr/ which signifies the action of speaking, and two words /davar/ and /dever/ which share the same consonants, but originated historically from different languages, and therefore do not share any semantic features (the former meaning “a thing” while the latter means “pestilence”).

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