Sand and Sandstone by F. J. Pettijohn

By F. J. Pettijohn

The 1st variation seemed fourteen years in the past. in view that then there were major advances in our technological know-how that warrant an updating and revision of Sand and Sandstone. the most framework of the 1st variation has been retained in order that the reader can commence with the mineralogy and textural houses of sands and sandstones, growth via their association and type and their research as a physique of rock, to attention in their origin-prove­ nance, transportation, deposition, and lithification-and ultimately to their position within the stratigraphic column and the basin. the decade has noticeable the increase of facies research in line with a better examine the stratigraphic list and the popularity of attribute mattress­ ding sequences which are the signatures of a few geologic process-such as a prograding shallow-water delta or the migration of some extent bar on an alluvial floodplain. the surroundings of sand deposition is extra heavily decided by way of its position in such depositional platforms than by way of standards in response to textural characteristics-the "fingerprint" process. Our revi­ sion displays this alteration in considering. As within the geological sciences as a complete, the concept that of plate tectonics has required a rethinking of our older principles in regards to the starting place and accumu­ lation of sediments-especially the character of the sedimentary basins.

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Because the youngest detrital mineral in the sediment can be no younger than the age of the sediment itself, and also because many ages of preexisting rocks may be represented in the source area, an apparent radioactive age determination of the detrital minerals will give us some sort of average age. The ages of source rocks that we refer to are in terms of "radioactive events," which may simply refer to metamorphic episodes rather than the first date of crystallization of the source rock. The dating of detrital minerals commonly involves many assumptions and difficult mineral separation problems.

Teruggi, M. : Lexico sedimentologico, 164 p. Buenos Aires: Inst. Nac. Inv. Cien. Nat. 1952. A lexicon of terms: English, German, and Spanish. Bouma, A. : Methods for the study of sedimentary structures, 458 p. New York: Wiley - Interscience 1969. A comprehensive manual of methods applicable mainly to unconsolidated sediments. Sedimentary peels, impregnation, radiography, and other methods. Sampling. , and others: Techniques d'etude des sediments, ·Pt. II, 110 p. Paris: Hermann 1943. Three parts (chemical, physical and mineralogical techniques) with a section on how to analyze associated water.

478 p. London: Murby 1927. Ten chapters including theory and practical methods plus diagnostic properties of important alluvial heavy minerals. Ruchin, L. : Grundzuge der Lithologie, 806 p. (German translation of original Russian work). Berlin: Akademie-Verlag 1958. A general treatise on the nature and origin of sedimentary deposits. Twenty eight chapters in five parts: sedimentary rocks, origin and processes of formation, facies and facies analysis. majpr sedimentary deposits. and Recent sedimentation.

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