By Michael Javen Fortner
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Extra resources for The Carceral State and the Crucible of Black Politics: An Urban History of the Rockefeller Drug Laws
11 (1970): 31-40, 31. 130 “Dope Battle Lost; The War Still On,” New York Amsterdam News, May 10, 1969 131 Rev Oberia D Dempsey, “Drug Addicts,” New York Amsterdam News, Feb 1, 1969 132 It is important not to overestimate the significance of this fact. e. Democrats not wanting to give a Republican governor a policy win) rather than racial or policy considerations defined this vote. ”135 Even though, Beatty was alone in his vehement support of the legislation, the final vote tally obscures the level of agreement many black legislators shared with the Governor.
As Table 2 demonstrates, New York City experienced an extreme increase in its crime rates from 1960 to 1968 (See Appendix). In fact, crime rates in the city in 1960 were around the national average. By 1968, crime rates were nearly double the national average. The crime rates in “slums” in 1968 were far worse. I was unable to locate crime statistics for precincts in Harlem during the 50s, 60s, and 70s,122 but research conducted at the time using data from other precincts provide some insight into the crime situation in the city’s ghettos.
128 Additionally, Dempsey’s preferred policy solutions grew in their extremity. ”133 Beatty lauded the effort it passed. He indicated that he 128 “Leads Citizens War On Drugs,” New York Amsterdam News Jun 20, 1970 129 “Blacks Declare War on Dope: Police, Government Inaction Prods New Yorkers to Launch Their Own Attack” Ebony June Vol. 25, No. 11 (1970): 31-40, 31. 130 “Dope Battle Lost; The War Still On,” New York Amsterdam News, May 10, 1969 131 Rev Oberia D Dempsey, “Drug Addicts,” New York Amsterdam News, Feb 1, 1969 132 It is important not to overestimate the significance of this fact.