By Irving Fisher
In economics, funds phantasm refers back to the tendency of individuals to think about forex in nominal, instead of genuine, phrases. this can be a fallacy as smooth fiat currencies haven't any inherent price and their genuine price is derived from their skill to be exchanged for items and used for check of taxes. The time period used to be coined through John Maynard Keynes within the early 20th century, and Irving Fisher booklet, the cash phantasm, is without doubt one of the most vital works at the topic.
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For instance, suppose that the circulation of goods remains the same year after year (say at 30 billion tons) but that the circulation of money increases (say to 1200 billion dollars). idently ~he price level could 34 ~HE MONEY ILLUSION not remain the same (at $30 a ton) ; otherwise the value of the goods stream would still be only 900 billion dollars instead of the 1200 which it must be to equal the circulation of money. In short if more money pays for the same goods their price must rise, just as if more butter is spread over the same slice of bread it must be spread thicker, the thickness representing the price level, the bread the quantity of goods.
In short, we may think of the circulation of goods per capita as a practical tell-tale of economic wellbeing per capita. If we put also the flow of money on a per capita basis we can always apportion the cause of a rise or fall of the price level between money and goods. We can, for instance, say: If the flow of goods per capita remains the same, any change in the price level is due entirely to a change in the flow of money. If the flow of money per capita remains the same any change in the price level is ~ue to a change in the flow of goods.
Next, the dollar's buying power rose again until it was multiplied four fold in the 31 years between 1865 and 1896. Once more the tide turned and the dollar fell until its buying power in 1920 was only onefourth what it had been in 1896. Finally, from May 1920 to June 1921 the dollar again rose rapidly in buying power, from 40 to 70 pre-war cents. All these figures are based on wholesale EXTENT OF FLUCTUATION 25 prices. If other sorts of prices are included the extreme fluctuations are reduced.