Venice's Mediterranean Colonies: Architecture and Urbanism by Maria Georgopoulou

By Maria Georgopoulou

This e-book examines the structure and urbanism within the Venetian colonies of the jap Mediterranean and the way their equipped environments show the shut cultural ties with either Venice and Byzantium. utilizing the island of Crete and its capital urban, Candia (modern Herakleion) as a case examine, Maria Georgopoulou exposes the dynamic courting that existed among colonizer and colony. Georgopoulou demonstrates how the Venetian colonists manipulated Crete's prior historical past which will aid and bonafide colonial rule, really throughout the appropriation of older Byzantine traditions in civic and non secular ceremonies.

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One of the three gates that pierced this wall, the Porta Guora, still marks the entrance to the old city of Retimo/Rethymnon from the south (Fig. 6). Its decorated gable (preserved in a photograph taken by Gerola) and the rustic masonry around the opening of the gate confirm its Renaissance date. The few topographical drawings that predate these grand fortification campaigns suggest that the appearance of the medieval colonies of Venice was quite uniform until the end of the fifteenth century and did not differ much from that of other Mediterranean cities.

The informative map of General Werdmiiller constitutes the perfect springboard for entering the city of Candia to examine its urban fabric. Postdating the foundation of Venetian Candia by four and a half centuries, the map offers a clear view of a heavily urbanized city with its most distinct monuments. It comes as no surprise that the monuments labeled on Werdmiiller's map are the ones about which we have the most archival information. We sense that the backbone of the colonial city was made up of the administrative palaces (of the duke, his counselors, and the admiral), military installations (city walls, army barracks, and arsenals), main squares and markets, and numerous churches and monasteries.

The fiefholders were responsible for a collective property tax of five hundred hyperpera that was to be paid by each sestiere SIGNS OF POWER ST. TITU FIGURE 19. 's THE CITIES OF CRETE What did the city of Candia look like upon the arrival of the Venetians in the thirteenth century? '' Once reconquered by the Byzantines in 961, Crete was turned into a theme governed by a strat: 'os, who was responsible for the CONSTRUCTING AN EMPIRE 4(, i. :'tom Q, r r Tt i . o z FIGURE 20. Plan of the Voltone area.

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